People with diabetes are not just the ones who have high blood sugar levels. Anyone of us can suffer from this disorder and this can do harm to our nerves, blood vessels, and organs.
We at Oddmenot.com are here to tell you what are the worrying symptoms of high blood sugar levels and the appropriate measures in order to prevent complications.
1. Constant hunger
The body doesn’t receive energy and always asks for food because of the high blood sugar that prevents glucose from entering cells, and this keeps on happening.
2. Increased fatigue
The body can’t store and absorb glucose properly if the blood sugar level is high. Because of this, energy is inefficiently used, and the cells of the body don’t receive essential fuel. This is why a person often feels tired for no reason.
3. Frequent urination
The kidneys can have difficulty in reabsorbing fluid if the blood sugar is high; therefore, although it tries to equalize the glucose concentration in the blood and in the cells, the body dissolves blood with intracellular fluid which brings the concentration of glucose to normal.
4. Dry mouth, excessive thirst
Severe fluid loss can result in dry mouth and strong thirst. The hypothalamus, which assesses the dehydration level and what causes thirst, sends a corresponding signal to the brain. Because of this, you will always have the urge to drink, and it’s an advice to drink water of tea without sugar.
5. Weight loss
High glucose level is one of the reasons of weight loss. This happens even if meals are frequent and the food contains too much calories. Below are the reasons why:
- Frequent urination can cause fluid loss and this leads to a low fluid level in the whole body, which results in weight loss.
- The body will switch to fat burning if the insulin level is insufficient for glucose metabolism.
- A large amount of urine at a high level of glucose makes the body spend more calories. In this way, the body tries to “dump” the excess glucose.
6. Infectious diseases
Both men and women can suffer from urinary tract infections (UTIs) and yeast infections, but these disorders are usually found in women with diabetes. A favorable environment for the reproduction of yeasts and bacteria is mainly caused by a large amount of sugar.
7. Dry skin
High blood sugar levels may cause your skin to dry up. These are the reasons:
- Frequent urination dehydrates the body which makes the skin to dry.
- Leg skin problems are a sign of atherosclerosis—hardening and narrowing of the arteries and a concomitant reduction in blood circulation—a disease that often occurs in people with diabetes.
- Damaged nerves can disrupt the normal operation of the sweat glands, affecting the skin-water balance.
8. Concentration difficulties
The glucose can’t enter the brain cells due to high sugar levels, so it is hard for the brain to get some energy. The speed of thinking and decision making are really affected because of this.
9. Unclear vision
Unclear or blurred eyesight is mainly caused by a dehydrating effect of high blood sugar. This also affects the cells on the eye; they deform and makes the eye incapable of focusing properly.
10. Slow wound healing
High sugar levels can result in vascular damage which makes wounds to heal slowly. This leads to worsening of blood circulation and insufficient tissue nutrition.
Maintaining an erection is one of the difficulties one can experience if blood glucose is high. In order to have a healthy erection, nerves should be healthy, blood flow should be good, and hormones must be balanced. Yet, each of these systems can adversely be affected if there’s an excess of sugar in the blood.
Based on research, people whose sugar is high are irritable, more anxious, and are inclined to being depressed. The brain depends on an equal supply of glucose, and sharp jumps of its level affect its work negatively, thus worsening our mood.
The absorption of chromium, a nutrient responsible for our mood, is also affected by our sugar intake. This mineral is needed in order for our blood sugar level to be maintained, because insulin, which cleans glucose from the blood, cannot function properly without it.